Leonardo_DaVinci Poor is the pupil who does not surpass his master

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Hometown: Florence
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BiographyINTRODUCTION Leonardo da Vinci (April 15, 1452 – May 2, 1519) was an Italian Renaissance architect, musician, inventor, engineer, sculptor and painter. He has been described as the archetype of the "Renaissance man" and as a universal genius. Leonardo is famous for his masterly paintings, such as The Last Supper and Mona Lisa. He is also known for designing many inventions that anticipated modern technology but were rarely constructed in his lifetime. In addition, he helped advance the study of anatomy, astronomy, and civil engineering. FIRST YEARS Leonardo da Vinci was born in a farm house in Anchiano, 3 kilometres away from Vinci. Since this was before modern naming conventions in Europe, Leonardo's full name became "Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci" which simply means "Leonardo, son of Piero, from Vinci". However Leonardo da Vinci signed most of his work with his first name Leonardo, presumably because he was an illegitimate child. Up to today most authorities refer to his works as Leonardo's and not da Vinci's. Leonardo's father was a 25 year old public notary at the time Leonardo was born. Leonardo's mother, Catarina, was the daughter of a local farmer. Due to this difference in social class, Leonardo's father married another woman and Leonardo became an illegitimate child. Leonardo stayed in Anchiano till he was 5 and then moved to Vinci where he stayed till he was 14 years old, which was in 1466. It was often told that Leonardo drove his teachers crazy with all his questions. APPRENTICESHIP IN FLORENCE When he was 14, Leonardo moved with his father to Florence where he became an apprentice to painter Andrea del Verrocchio. Verrocchio was at this time the most gifted and manifoldest artist in Florence. He was a sculptor, painter, goldsmith, bronze caster and more. The influence of Verrocchio on Leonardo was of sheer importance. In Verrocchio's workshop, Leonardo da Vinci also met up with other famous artists Botticelli, Perugino and Lorenzo di Credi. Leonardo da Vinci got listed in the red book of painters from Florence in 1472, which meant that his apprenticeship was finished. FIRST WORKS AND LEONARDO'S IMPREACHMENT The first known and dated work of Leonardo da Vinci is a pen-and-ink drawing of the Arnovalley. Leonardo drew it on August 5, 1473. In 1476 Leonardo and his former master Verrocchio created the painting "Baptism of Christ". This painting was an order from the S.Salvo cloister. Leonardo painted the front angel and the landscape. In 1480/1481 Leonardo da Vinci created the small "Annuncion", now located in the Louvre (Paris, France). A remarkable fact in the life of Leonardo was his impeachment in 1476. At this time it was a common practice of handing out anonymous accusations in a wooden box in front of the Palazzo Vecchio. Leonardo was charged, together with three other men, of homosexual conduct. All defendants however were acquitted because of lack of evidence. That Leonardo was homosexual now is generally accepted though. 1482 - 1516 From c. 1482 to 1499 Leonardo worked for Ludovico Sforza, Duke of Milan and maintained his own workshop with apprentices there. Seventy tons of bronze that had been set aside for Leonardo's "Gran Cavallo" horse statue were cast into weapons for the Duke in an attempt to save Milan from the French under Charles VIII in 1495 — see also Italian Wars. When the French returned under Louis XII in 1498, Milan fell without a fight, overthrowing Sforza. Leonardo stayed in Milan for a time, until one morning he found French archers using his life-size clay model for the "Gran Cavallo" for target practice. He left with Salai and his friend (and inventor of double-entry bookkeeping) Luca Pacioli for Mantua, moving on after 2 months for Venice, then moving again to Florence at the end of April 1500. In Florence he entered the services of Cesare Borgia (also called "Duca Valentino" and son of Pope Alexander VI) as a military architect and engineer. In 1506 he returned to Milan, now in the hands of Maximilian Sforza after Swiss mercenaries drove out the French. In 1507 Leonardo met a 15 year old aristocrat of great personal beauty, Count Francesco Melzi. Melzi became his pupil, life companion, and heir. From 1513 to 1516 he lived in Rome, where painters like Raphael and Michelangelo were active at the time; he did not have much contact with these artists, however. He, however has been assumed to be of pivotal importance in relocation of 'David', the great masterpiece of Michaelangelo. Michaelangelo was apparently quite unhappy about this. FRANCE (LATTER YEARS AND DEATH) In 1515 Francis I of France retook Milan, and Leonardo was commissioned to make a centrepiece (of a mechanical lion) for the peace talks in Bologna between the French king and Pope Leo X, where he must have first met the king. Leonardo then spent the last span of his life in Amboise (France), with his famous painting Mona Lisa in his baggage. Leonardo da Vinci lived in a castle next to the king, receiving a very generous pension. In France Leonardo didn't paint, but he made hydrological studies. Being 67 years old, Leonardo died May 2, 1519 in Amboise. LEONARDO DA VINCI'S PAINTINGS Leonardo most famous works include "The Last Supper" (painted in 1497) and the "Mona Lisa" painted in 1503-1506. However there are serious doubts whether da Vinci painted Mona Lisa himself or whether it was primarily the work of his students. Only seventeen of his paintings, and none of his statues survive. Of these paintings, only Ginevra de' Benci, The Mona Lisa and The Last Supper are in the Western Hemisphere. LEONARDO DA VINCI'S OTHER ACHIEVEMENTS Perhaps even more impressive than his artistic work are his studies in science and engineering, recorded in notebooks comprising some 13,000 pages of notes and drawings, which fuse art and science. He was left-handed and used mirror writing throughout his life. Explainable by fact that it is easier to pull a quill pen than to push it; by using mirror-writing, the left-handed writer is able to pull the pen from right to left. His approach to science was an observatory one: he tried to understand a phenomenon by describing and depicting it in utmost detail, and did not emphasize experiments or theoretical explanations. Throughout his life, he planned a grand encyclopedia based on detailed drawings of everything. Since he lacked formal education in Latin and mathematics, Leonardo the scientist was mostly ignored by contemporary scholars. He participated in autopsies and produced many extremely detailed anatomical drawings, planning a comprehensive work of human and comparative anatomy. Around the year 1490, he produced a study in his sketchbook of the Canon of Proportions as described in recently rediscovered writings of the Roman architect Vitruvius. The study, called the Vitruvian Man, is one of his most well-known works. His study of human anatomy led eventually to the design of the first known robot in recorded history. The design, which has come to be called Leonardo's robot, was probably made around the year 1495 but was rediscovered only in the 1950s. It is not known if an attempt was made to build the device. Fascinated by the phenomenon of flight, Leonardo produced detailed studies of the flight of birds, and plans for several flying machines, including a helicopter powered by four men (which would not have worked since it would have rotated) and a light hang-glider which could have flown. On January 3, 1496 he unsuccessfully tested a flying machine he had constructed. In 1502 Leonardo da Vinci produced a drawing of a single span 720-foot (240 m) bridge as part of a civil engineering project for Sultan Beyazid II of Constantinople. The bridge was intended to span an inlet at the mouth of the Bosphorus known as the Golden Horn. It was never built, but Leonardo's vision was resurrected in 2001 when a smaller bridge based on his design was constructed in Norway. His notebooks also contain several inventions in the military field: machine guns, an armored tank powered by humans or horses, cluster bombs, etc. even though he later held war to be the worst of human activities. Other inventions include a submarine, a cog-wheeled device that has been interpreted as the first mechanical calculator, and a car powered by a spring mechanism. In his years in the Vatican, he planned an industrial use of solar power, by employing concave mirrors to heat water. In astronomy, Leonardo believed that the Sun and Moon revolved around the Earth, and that the Moon reflects the sun's light due to its being covered by water. Leonardo did not publish or otherwise distribute the contents of his notebooks. Most scholars believe that Leonardo wanted to publish his notebooks and make his observations public knowledge. They remained obscure until the 19th century, and were not directly of value to the development of science and technology. In January 2005, researchers discovered the hidden laboratory used by Leonardo da Vinci for studies of flight and other pioneering scientific work in previously sealed rooms at a monastery next to the Basilica of the Santissima Annunziata, in the heart of Florence.

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C' pure Leo.


cynthiafeki407@yahoo.com How is your day....... I saw your profile at www.myartprofile.com and some thing about you move my intress to comminicate with you so how is life treating you. Please i want you to use this email address to write me back(cynthiafeki407@yahoo.com) so that i can give you my picture and tell you more about me ok.stay cool and enjoy your self.kisesssssssssss Yours lovely Cynthia

Lime ( Deleted user )

Wonderful ART Leonardo.


leonardo long time since we had a sip or two.do you have the %) bucks you owe me? thanks eh! SWIRL


Dear unkle Leo, How come you don't have more friends? I saw some of your work in Detroit. You top the list. ROADKILL


Agree with you Leonardo da Vinci was an interesting and talented man in many ways and you're a gifted artist ! Bravo ! Regards, Brischit


You are the master of everything you do.


Hi, don't forget to email your friends about your new My Art Profile URL! Send them a link to your new page http://www.myartprofile.com/Leonardo_DaVinci.


The Last Supper...is causing so much commotion these days! I mean, modern people actually think there's a hidden 'code' within


Not bad, you probably will do something...!!

ArteKaos ( Deleted user )

You are the Genius!


still painting after all these years.

4artist ( Deleted user )

The place would not be the same without you and your wonderous works of art!


Great work, indeed :) Welcome to the site, Master!


Greetings master - everybody is confused about your gender - it looks Mona Lisa is your self-portrait. salutations...


I with pleasure have got acquainted with your creativity. I shall be glad to show you my ENAMEL MOSAIC and to receive your response. Andrey


Lessons would be the greatest.


Master! It would be a great honour if You could give me some lesson of painting:-) Dakini


now this guy iss really old. Don't paint much